Anonymous Replies with SURBs (Single Use Reply Blocks)

Both functions used to send messages through the mixnet (send_message and send_plain_message) send a pre-determined number of SURBs along with their messages by default.

The number of SURBs is set here.

use nym_task::manager::TaskStatus;

You can read more about how SURBs function under the hood here.

In order to reply to an incoming message using SURBs, you can construct a recipient from the sender_tag sent along with the message you wish to reply to:

use nym_sdk::mixnet::{
    AnonymousSenderTag, MixnetClientBuilder, MixnetMessageSender, ReconstructedMessage,
use std::path::PathBuf;

async fn main() {

    // Specify some config options
    let config_dir = PathBuf::from("/tmp/surb-example");
    let storage_paths = StoragePaths::new_from_dir(&config_dir).unwrap();

    // Create the client with a storage backend, and enable it by giving it some paths. If keys
    // exists at these paths, they will be loaded, otherwise they will be generated.
    let client = MixnetClientBuilder::new_with_default_storage(storage_paths)

    // Now we connect to the mixnet, using keys now stored in the paths provided.
    let mut client = client.connect_to_mixnet().await.unwrap();

    // Be able to get our client address
    let our_address = client.nym_address();
    println!("\nOur client nym address is: {our_address}");

    // Send a message through the mixnet to ourselves using our nym address
        .send_plain_message(*our_address, "hello there")

    // we're going to parse the sender_tag (AnonymousSenderTag) from the incoming message and use it to 'reply' to ourselves instead of our Nym address.
    // we know there will be a sender_tag since the sdk sends SURBs along with messages by default.
    println!("Waiting for message\n");

    // get the actual message - discard the empty vec sent along with a potential SURB topup request
    let mut message: Vec<ReconstructedMessage> = Vec::new();
    while let Some(new_message) = client.wait_for_messages().await {
        if new_message.is_empty() {
        message = new_message;

    let mut parsed = String::new();
    if let Some(r) = message.first() {
        parsed = String::from_utf8(r.message.clone()).unwrap();
    // parse sender_tag: we will use this to reply to sender without needing their Nym address
    let return_recipient: AnonymousSenderTag = message[0].sender_tag.unwrap();
        "\nReceived the following message: {} \nfrom sender with surb bucket {}",
        parsed, return_recipient

    // reply to self with it: note we use `send_str_reply` instead of `send_str`
    println!("Replying with using SURBs");
        .send_reply(return_recipient, "hi an0n!")

    println!("Waiting for message (once you see it, ctrl-c to exit)\n");
        .on_messages(|msg| println!("\nReceived: {}", String::from_utf8_lossy(&msg.message)))